Hemorrhoids are a common condition generally experienced by the elderly, but not just restricted to this age group. The kind of lifestyle and dietary patterns followed by more than half the population currently, has led to the development of this abnormal condition even among the younger generation. It is fortunate however, that there are several treatment options available for reducing hemorrhoids in an effective manner, following which, most sufferers have gone on to experience much relief.
What is Hemorrhoid?
Also known commonly as piles, hemorrhoid is a mass of dilated veins in and around the anus or anywhere else in the lower rectum that gets swollen up and inflamed, becoming a great source of pain and discomfort, especially while having bowel movements.
While there are several reasons for bringing about this hemorrhoid problem, the most common cause is exerting too much pressure to have daily bowel movement, or from too much pressure placed on the veins during a woman’s phase of pregnancy. The other causes are –
– Following a low-fiber diet
– Dry and hardened feces leading to infrequent bowel movements
– Chronic diarrhea
– Excess body weight
– Anal intercourse
This is also a problem generally confronted as people begin to get older, since the tissues surrounding and supporting the veins in the anal and rectal regions can become weak or tightly drawn and pulled out torturously.
– Painful bowel movements
– Bleeding noted while passing stools
– Uneasiness, irritation, itching around the anal region
– Pain and swelling around the anus
– A lump felt near the anus, which may feel painful upon touch
– Fecal leakage
Symptoms may vary depending on the location of the hemorrhoids.
Usually, this is a condition that can be managed well with home remedial measures and dietary changes. However, in cases where the pain and discomfort experienced is unbearable, then seeking medical attention is necessary.
– Topical cream application for external hemorrhoids or insertion of medicated material into the rectal cavity for internal hemorrhoids is sufficient to treat mild-to-moderate cases of hemorrhoids. These will at least succeed in providing temporary relief, but should not be used for more than a week or two, for they can trigger adverse drug effects.
– Injecting a solution that is medicated and contain chemicals that aid in shrinking the hemorrhoids may also be of help, but is considered to be less effective than rubber band ligation.
– Rubber band ligation is done for internal hemorrhoids where a couple of tiny rubber bands are twirled around the base of the hemorrhoid to cut off blood flow to it. With no blood circulation in and around the hemorrhoid, within a week’s time it will become dry and eventually fall off.
This, however, is a very uncomfortable manner to get rid of hemorrhoids.
– Allowing infrared light or laser beam to pass through the hemorrhoid will cause it to become sapless and hard that will fall off eventually.
The above-mentioned are minimally invasive procedures which are followed more popularly to cure hemorrhoids. More serious cases will need to be treated with surgical procedures.
– Hemorrhoidectomy procedure is done to remove the hemorrhoids totally along with its surrounding tissues that may be bleeding, and is usually performed under a local anesthetic. This will need to be done in cases where there is excessive bleeding and pain.
Following this procedure, there will be discomfort experienced for a couple of days during bowel movements, or urinary tract infections can also occur, but all lasting only for a brief period.
– Stapling off the hemorrhoid is less painful than hemorrhoidectomy, and is done to stop blood flow to the hemorrhoid. Though recovery is fast from this procedure, hemorrhoid recurrence is highly possible and hence not usually recommended.
Depending on the severity of the condition, a proper treatment plan will have to be set down during physician consultation.