More than half the population, at some point in their lives, gets affected by hemorrhoids. And at least half of those who appear healthy, when they go in for their routine physical examination, are found to be suffering from some degree of hemorrhoids.
What are Hemorrhoids?
In general terms, hemorrhoids are varicose veins, or abnormally expanded and bulged out veins located in and around the anal area. This usually occurs from excess strain placed on the veins, which can happen even from carrying on with our routine day-to-day activities of life; for example, prolonged hours spent in standing or sitting in one place, lifting heavy objects, etc.
The other causes are –
– Genetic factors
– Pregnancy and Child Birth
Types of Hemorrhoids
There are two types of hemorrhoids that can occur, namely, internal and external. The development of hemorrhoids occurs in a gradual and progressive manner, and even the external type materializes from internal hemorrhoids.
The development of hemorrhoids happens in four stages. In the first stage, the hemorrhoid tissue projects slightly into the anal canal. In the second stage, the hemorrhoid protrusion thrusts outward, out of the anal canal while moving bowels, but retreats back inside on its own. In the third stage, the outward prolapse happens while passing stools and will have to be pushed back manually. In the fourth stage, the prolapse is permanent, meaning that it cannot be forced back into the anal passage.
A digital rectal examination plays an important role in detecting the presence of hemorrhoids, but there are chances for hemorrhoids that are just in their initial stages of development, to be missed easily during this examination. To confirm the diagnosis, an anoscopic examination should be followed if hemorrhoid is suspected.
Best Treatment for Hemorrhoids
The best treatment method one can choose for curing hemorrhoids will depend on how severe their hemorrhoid condition is.
In case the condition is less severe, then it is best to treat it using natural methods. Constipation is considered to be the main cause behind the development of hemorrhoids. Hence, treating constipation alone will aid in curing as well as preventing further episodes of hemorrhoids.
Constipation can be avoided by adding more dietary fibers to the patient’s diet. Whole grains, legumes, brown rice, and fresh fruits and vegetables should be part of their daily diet. Any food items that are made from using processed ingredients should be avoided. In addition to this, drinking plenty of water and natural fluids, like tender coconut water, juices of fruits and vegetables, is also a must for these patients. Water is important to keep stools soft. Likewise, reducing excess body weight and keeping the body fit by following an exercise routine will check the development of hemorrhoids.
In instances where the hemorrhoid is large and/or very painful, accompanied by bleeding, then the surgical treatment method should be opted for. Even if surgery is prescribed, it should be followed by dietary management to keep hemorrhoids from recurring. Hemorrhoidectomy or hemorrhoid removal surgically will get rid of the hemorrhoid totally, but if the patient’s dietary and lifestyle patterns continues to remain the same, then there is an increased risk for hemorrhoids to recur.