Individuals who experience itching, burning, or pain after defecation may in all probability be suffering from hemorrhoids. This condition is embarrassing enough for sufferers to keep mum about their problem, and suffer in silence. But doing this is not recommended by physicians, since neglecting hemorrhoids will only encourage it to grow in size and severity.
What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are tissue pads occurring naturally in our anal canal. Along with the anal sphincter, these pads of tissue are also responsible to prevent the leakage of stools by ensuring complete closure of the anal muscles, even when the urge to defecate increases.
Hemorrhoids become a medical condition, when the blood vessels situated within these pads of tissues become inflamed and swollen, causing them to thrust out into the anal canal. These are referred to as internal hemorrhoids.
Blood vessels are also located under the skin surrounding the external anal ring, and these too can become swollen and hemorrhoidal in nature. These are termed medically as external hemorrhoids, which is a painful variety.
The development of internal hemorrhoids is appraised by a grading system – from Grade 1 to Grade 4. Grade 1 hemorrhoids bulge out but will stay within the anal canal, without protruding outside the anal opening. However, in the case of grade 2 hemorrhoids, the hemorrhoid will protrude out of the anus while the individual passes stools, but will retreat back into the anal canal spontaneously once the process of elimination completes. No pain will be felt by the sufferer, but some amount of burning and itchiness will be experienced.
Treatment for Grade 2 Hemorrhoids
Initially, the treatment process usually done to relieve grade 1 hemorrhoids will be followed, like applying medicated creams, ointments; use of suppositories; sitting in sitz baths and soaking in warm water. This is done to provide the sufferer with some symptom relief, after which simple in-office treatment procedures for hemorrhoids will be carried out. The physician may choose to do either of the below-mentioned procedures, depending on the severity of the condition.
– Injection sclerotherapy involves injecting the swollen mass of dilated blood vessels with an effective chemical solution that will cause the hemorrhoid tissues to harden and eventually shrink in size.
– Rubber band ligation is a procedure that involves applying a rubber band at the base of the hemorrhoid using a specialized banding device. By doing this, it ensures that blood supply to the hemorrhoids is discontinued, that will cause it to shrivel up and fall off at some point in time.
– Infrared coagulation is a procedure that makes use of beams of infrared light that are directed on to the hemorrhoid tissues and cause it to gather together to form into a hard mass. While this will possibly shrink the size of the hemorrhoids, it will have no positive effect on the prolapse itself.
It should be noted, though, that the above said procedures are performed only to treat internal hemorrhoids that have begun to prolapse outwards. Also to be noted is that the effect of these procedures usually last for only six months or so, after which they will have to be repeated. In spite of this, sufferers generally opt to perform these procedures since they cause only minimal amount of discomfort.