Taking delight in eating processed foods, like pizzas and burgers, and drinking fizzy beverages on a regular basis will not only lead to poor nutritional levels in the body, it could also increase the person’s risk of developing hemorrhoids.
By birth, there is a column of hemorrhoids present in our anal canal. They are nothing but pads of tissues with a network of tiny blood vessels within, which also have the responsibility of preventing stool leakage, a function also carried out by the anal sphincter.
Hemorrhoids is referred to as a disorder when the capillaries within these cushions begin to swell, and become inflamed when over strained or excess pressure is placed on them.
Hemorrhoids can occur both internally as well as externally. There are blood vessels situated below the skin surrounding the anus as well, which can become inflamed and swollen too, leading to the formation of external hemorrhoids.
Factors that contribute to a decrease in the rate of blood flow back to the heart from the capillaries located in the anal canal, lead to pooling of blood in them, causing them to swell up and bulge out, triggering the abnormal enlargement of hemorrhoids.
– Straining to pass stools
– Sitting for long hours on the toilet bowl
– Anal intercourse
– Ageing process
As far as internal hemorrhoids are concerned, the abnormal swelling of blood vessels and tissues causes stretching of the ligaments and fibrous membranes that keeps the hemorrhoids suspended, eventually leading to the prolapse of the hemorrhoid mass through the anal canal. The progressive growth of internal hemorrhoids is measured via a grading system.
Grade 1 – The hemorrhoid is still just a mass of dilated veins that bulge out into the anal canal. No pain is felt.
Grade 2 – The size of the hemorrhoid would have increased slightly at this stage, causing it to protrude out of the anal opening while passing stools. They go back into the canal spontaneously, however, soon after stool discharge is complete. The hemorrhoid still remains painless.
Grade 3 – This stage of development is again recognized by the prolapse of hemorrhoids, with the hemorrhoid tending to fall down and protrude out of the anal passage during bowel movements, walking or standing for long hours, or even after an energetic cough or sneeze. The hemorrhoid cannot return to its normal location on its own, but is possible with manual help.
Treating Grade 3 Hemorrhoids
A popular treatment method used to treat grade 3 hemorrhoids is the rubber band ligation procedure. This is a simple procedure that can be carried out on an outpatient visit.
The physician will grasp the hemorrhoid either using a surgical forceps or a suction device. Then, with the use of a specialized banding device, a rubber band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoids. This will discontinue blood supply to the hemorrhoid, which will cause the death of hemorrhoid tissues and prompt it to fall off spontaneously. Some amount of scar tissue will be left behind at the end of the healing process.
Banding is one procedure that provides very effective results as far as treating grade 3 hemorrhoids is concerned. Very rarely will hemorrhoids recur after successfully undergoing this procedure, and even if it does, banding can be performed again.
Hemorrhoid recurrence can be prevented by following good bowel habits, eating fiber rich foods, drinking plenty of water and other liquids, and exercising regularly.