All of us are actually shy and embarrassed to approach a physician to seek help when anal troubles arise. However, it is important to see a doctor when rectal problems come into being, since neglecting it for long can lead to more serious health conditions.
One such problem is the hemorrhoids, which does require medical attention.
Hemorrhoids, to explain in simple terms, is an abnormal swelling on blood vessels located below the mucosal lining of the anal canal, or outside the anus, just below the skin surrounding it.
– Hemorrhoids, especially those occurring internally, ooze out a lot of mucus, resulting in an itching sensation and skin irritation
– A sensation of incomplete evacuation of bowels after passing stools, because of the lump felt in the rectum
– Burning sensation felt because of inflamed veins
– Strains of blood in stools
Hemorrhoids that develop in the internal anal canal are referred to as internal hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are generally a painless condition for there is a lack of nerve tissues here; but intense pressure placed on them can be easily perceived. Hemorrhoids situated inside the anal passage are likely to bleed minimally in case hard stools rub against them while evacuating bowels, and tear the walls of the swollen capillaries. This can be a cause of great discomfort for the sufferer, but the bleeding itself is a painless process. However, this does not stop the condition from being a serious one; in fact, bleeding from an internal hemorrhoid is considered to be a more severe condition than bleeding happening from an external hemorrhoid.
These internal hemorrhoids can protrude outwards while passing stools, and at times may retreat back inside spontaneously or with some manual effort. When the prolapse becomes a permanent one is when it is more likely to become a grave problem.
Cure for Internal Hemorrhoids
There are several treatment options available for getting rid of internal hemorrhoids, either naturally or with prescription medicines and/or minimally invasive procedures.
– Creams, ointments, and medicated suppositories can be used for symptom relief. However, these are capable of providing only temporary relief, and may even lead to delay in healing of hemorrhoids.
– Cryotherapy, wherein freezing temperatures are used to shrivel the size of hemorrhoids and cause them to die by destroying the tissues. Irritation of the nerves and a persistent sensation of numbness and tingling is a possibility after the procedure.
– Sclerotherapy or injecting the hemorrhoid with a very effective chemical solution to shrink its size may work well for treating small-sized hemorrhoids.
– Rubber band ligation involves the use of a banding device, to place a rubber band tightly around the base of the hemorrhoid, to start the shrinking process by gradually depriving blood supply to it.
– Infrared photocoagulation is a process used to treat medium-sized hemorrhoids. Here, beams of infrared light are aimed onto the hemorrhoids, which will burn the hemorrhoid tissues and leave behind scar tissues, that will eventually cut off supply of blood to it.
– As a last resort, and especially in cases of large hemorrhoids, hemorrhoidectomy will have to be performed which is to surgically remove the hemorrhoid from its base under general anesthesia.
The effectiveness of these treatment methods will depend on the size of the hemorrhoids.
In case the sufferer chooses to leave their hemorrhoid condition untreated, then it could lead to anemia from severe bleeding. Also, it becomes difficult for the sufferer to keep their anal area clean and hygienic, for microscopic fecal matter and mucus secretions from the anal passage tend to get accumulated around the protruding hemorrhoids. So, get help as soon as possible.